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What is Dyslexia?


Dyslexia affects up to 1-in-5 people in the United States and exists along a continuum from mild to severe. Unfortunately, despite how common dyslexia is, it is often misunderstood. Contrary to popular belief, dyslexia is not a vision problem, and dyslexics do not see words backward. Rather, it is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition, spelling, and decoding (Lyon, Shaywitz, & Shaywitz, 2003). Difficulties with word decoding negatively impacts other reading skills such as comprehension, vocabulary, and core background knowledge (International Dyslexia Association, 2010). A child who is not a fluent reader by 4th grade is likely to struggle with reading into adulthood (Literacy Facts, 2010).

How Cambridge School Helps Children with Dyslexia

Fortunately, by using specific methods, Cambridge School can help dyslexic students to overcome these challenges with proper instruction. The International Dyslexia Association states that the methods supported by research are those that are explicit, systematic, cumulative and multi-sensory — in other words, integrate listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The content of effective instruction emphasizes the structure of language, including the:

  • Speech sound system (phonology)
  • Writing system (orthography)
  • Structure of sentences (syntax)
  • Meaningful parts of words (morphology)
  • Meaning relationships among words and referents (semantics)
  • Organization of spoken and written discourse

These strategies emphasize planning, organization, attention to task, critical thinking, and self-management. (International Dyslexia Association, 2010).

All of these essential components are integrated into our comprehensive language-based curriculum, which uses many language programs supported by research:

  • Wilson Language programs, including Fundations®, Just Words®, and Wilson Reading System®
  • Hochman Basic Writing Skills Program
  • Read Naturally® Live
  • Lindamood-Bell® programs
  • Study, Organization, and Communication Skills (S.O.C.)
  • Story Grammar Marker®
  • As well as other research-based interventions

Contact Us to Learn More

To learn more about how Cambridge can help your child with learning differences, call us at 609-730-9553 or email us.